Machining Steel A2

Steel A2 is a Tool Steel (High-alloy steel) that has on top of the 1% of carbon an additional 7.9% of manganese, chromium, nickel, and molybdenum. (See details in the below table). Steel A2 has a machinability rating of 42%.

Steel A2 belongs to the "A series" of tool steels. They are classified as air-hardening, cold-work steel and contain high Carbon content (around 1%). Tool Steels in this series (A2-A10) have a machinability rating of 30-40%. The relatively high carbon content yields higher hardness and strength, resulting in low machinability

You can find here a list of machinability Ratings for different Tool Steels.

Summery:

  • For turning operations on Steel A2, lower cutting speed is recomended due to the low machinability. Therefore, in most cases it is recomended to use a grade with high hardness and PVD coating . For milling, opt for a grade with relativly hard substrate.
  • For detailed carbide grades recommendations, check the Below Chart, or use the Grades Wizrad.
  • Recommended Cutting speed range for turning at stable conditions is 510 - 690 [SFM] / 155 - 210 [m/min].
  • Recommended Cutting speed range for milling with stable clamping and short overhang is 310 - 430 [SFM] / 95 - 130 [m/min]
  • For detailed cutting speed recomendations, check the Below Table, or use our Speed and Feed Calculator.

  • Equivalent International Designations for Steel A2

    StandardName
    saeA2
    wnr1.2363
    dinX100CrMoV51
    bsBA2
    ss2260
    anforZ100CDV5
    uniX100CrMoV51KU
    unfX100CrMoV5F5227
    js1SKD12

    Chemical Composition for Steel A2

    ElementAmount
    Chromium (Cr)4.75-5.50%
    Molybdenum (Mo)0.90-1.40%
    Carbon (C)0.95-1.05%
    Manganese (Mn)1.00 max%
    Silicon (Si)0.50 max%
    Vanadium (V)0.15-0.50%
    Nickel (Ni)0.30 max%

    Cutting Speeds Recomendations for Steel A2

    * Click on the speeds below for higher precision in specific conditions!

    ApplicationVc (m/min)Vc (SFM)
    Turning155-210510-690
    Milling95-130310-430
    Parting75-100250-330
    Grooving90-120300-390
    Drilling65-85210-280

    Important! The speed estimation is given for an ideal situation:

    • Most suitable carbide grade
    • Stable tool clamping
    • Stable workpiece clamping
    • Good quality raw material
    • A short overhang of the cutting tool.
    • Nominal hardness of the material.
    • etc.
    Click on the speeds in the above table to get better precision for specific parameters
    Or use our Speed and Feed Calculator



    Recommended Carbide Grades for Steel A2

    * If you don't understand the below table? Read This Explanation to make the most out of it!

    Grade for Turning

    Grade for Parting Off

    Grade for Grooving

    Grade for Milling (Indexable)

    Recommended Insert Cutting Edge Geometry for Steel A2

    Honing Siz0.05-0.08 mm / 0.002-0.003"
    Rake Angl11° -13°
    Land AnglPositive
    Land Widt0.20-0.30 mm / 0.008-0.012"

    Learn more about carbide inserts Cutting-Edge Geometry Parameters.

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