British Pipe Threads: Dimensions And Formulas (BSP)

BSP is a British standard for pipe threads defined by ISO 7 & ISO 228. It is the most commonly used pipe thread system outside the USA. In North America, the more popular standard is NPT.

Although it is a British standard and the nominal pipe sizes are in Inches, the dimensions are defined in millimeters.


The Jargon, calculations, and charts defining BSP threads differ greatly from standard metric and inch threads. This webpage will explain the difference between the various series, how each parameter is defined, and show how to find the correct basic dimensions and tolerances for each thread.

BSP Thread Featured

List of BSP Series

Standard Symbol Description
ISO 7-1

Taper External (only) pipe thread with mechanical sealing on the thread (no need for O-rings). To be used with BSPT-Rc internal tapered threads or BSPT-Rp internal parallel threads.

ISO 7-1

Taper Internal (only) pipe thread with mechanical sealing on the thread (no need for O-rings). To be used with BSPT-R external threads.

ISO 7-1

Parallel Internal (only) pipe thread with mechanical sealing on the thread (no need for O-rings). To be used with BSPT-R external threads.

ISO 228-1

Parallel Internal & External threads that require an O-ring to achieve a seal.

Designations of BSP Threads

BSP Description 1

BSPPParallel Thread.

  • The series is always G.
  • No Class – Internal Thread.
  • Class B – Regular tolerance / Class A – Tight tolerance

BSPTTapered Thread.

  • The series can be R, Rc, or Rp. See details in the above chart.
  • T-type thread does not have a class.
  • Diameter: The diameters are given in inch fractions. For example, 1/4″, 3/4″, 1 1/4″.
  • Pitch: In BSP threads, the pitch is not included in the description.

BSP Designation Examples

Designation Nominal Diameter Type Internal / External Tolerance
BSPP G 1/2 1/2" (12.7 mm) Parallel Internal High
BSPP G 1/2 A 1/2" (12.7 mm) Parallel External Regular
BSPT R 3/4 3/4" (19.05 mm) Tapered External Regular
BSPT Rc 3/4 3/4" (19.05 mm) Tapered Internal Regular
BSPT Rp 3/4 3/4" (19.05 mm) Tapered Internal Regular

BSPT (Per ISO 7) – Tapered Pipe Thread

BSPT stands for British Standard Pipe Tapered. It is the common name of a group of threads defined by ISO 7-1 & ISO 7-2 standards. The formal definition in ISO-7 is “Pipe threads where pressure-tight joints are made on the threads”. In simple words, it means that the thread forms a mechanical seal without the aid of an O-ring or sealant. (Opposed to BSPP, which will be discussed in the next section).

The basic profile is a 55° truncated and rounded triangle, tapered at an angle of 1°47′ (1.79°) relative to the axis. The taper on BSPT threads allows them to form a seal when torqued as the flanks of the external and internal threads compress against each other (no clearance remains between the crests and roots of the threads because of the taper). Depending on the application, it can be used with or without a thread sealant.

Except for the nominal pipe thread, which is listed in Inch fractions, all the dimensions are defined in millimeters. Therefore all our below charts are in millimeters. You can view the Inch translation of all the dimensions in the BSP Thread Calculator

BSPT is divided into 3 sub-groups:

  • BSPT R – External Tapered (Can be assembled with both Rc & Rp internal threads)
  • BSPT Rc – Internal Tapered (To be used with BSPT R).
  • BSPT Rp – Internal parallel (To be used with BSPT R).

Profile parameters (R, Rc &Rp)

The basic profile of the 3 sub-groups is identical. The only difference is that in R & Rc series, the profile is tilted by the tapered angle (relative to the thread axis).

BSPT Profile Drawing

BSP Profile narrow

Symbols

Symbol Name Remark
P Pitch Given in TPI. When used in calculations it should be converted to distance: 25.4/TPI.
ß Thread Tapper Angle
  • 1.79° for R & Rc series
  • for Rp series
α Thread V half Angle Always 27.5°
H Height of sharp V H,h & r are multiples of the pitch. See the below formulas.
h Thread Height
r Root/Crest Radius
d / D Major Diameter
  • In R & Rc (Tapered threads), the diameters are measured on the gauge plane
  • Capital D's designates internal threads.
  • Small d's designates an external thread. (R)
d1 / D1 Minor Diameter
d2 / D2 Pitch Diameter

Formulas

  • The thread charts define d and p. They are the same for the 3 sub-groups.
  • α & ß are constant (See above chart).
  • The rest of the common parameters can be calculated by the below formulas.
  • The formulas are the same of d (external) and D (internal)
\( \begin{array}{l} P= \frac{25.4}{TPI}\\ d_2=d\,-\,0.640327\times\,P\\ d_1=d\,-\,1.280654\times\,P\\ h=0.640327\times\,P\\ \\ \text {For R and Rc Threads:}\\ H=0.960237\times\,P\\ r=0.317278\times\,P\\ \\ \text {For Rp Threads:}\\ H=0.960491\times\,P\\ r=0.137329\times\,P\\ \end{array} \)

Additional parameters (R & Rp only)

Definition of parameters that are used for tapered threads

  • Gauge Length: Because of the taper angle, the diameters (major, minor, and pitch) change as we move along the thread’s axis. The gauge length is an arbitrary distance for the thread’s end at which the measurements of diameters are made. This location may also be referred to as “Gauge Plane”. The thread standard also defines the tolerance for the gauge length.
  • Useful Thread: A thread that is fully formed at the root but can be truncated at the crest by its intersection with the cylindrical surface of the product.
  • Length: the distance from the thread’s end to the last useful thread.
  • Washout (Vanished threads): The part of the thread which is not fully formed at the root
  • Fitting Allowance: Length of useful thread beyond the gauge plane of an external thread required to provide for assembly with an internal thread at the upper limit of the tolerance. The fitting allowance is used to calculate the minimum required length for eternal and internal threads.

BSPT R (External)

BSPT External Tapered Thread Drawing

BSPT Rc (Internal)

BSPT Internal Tapered Thread Drawing

Symbols

Symbol Description Remark
Lg Gauge Length The distance from the reference plane to the point where the diameters (Major, Minor, and pitch are measured)
T1 Lg Tolerance -External The tolerance can be defined by number of turns or distance
T2 Lg Tolerance - Internal
F Fitting allowance The length of useful threads beyond the gauge plane of an external thread required for proper assembly with an internal thread at the upper limit of the tolerance.
L Overall Thread Length

BSPT R (External Tapered) Dimensions Chart

  • Dimensions are in millimeters. To view metric values, click the Thread Description.
  • The below chart shows only the main dimensions. To view all the dimensions, click the thread description or use the BSPT Thread Calculator.

BSPT Rc (Internal Tapered) Dimensions Chart

  • Dimensions are in millimeters. To view metric values, click the Thread Description.
  • The below chart shows only the main dimensions. To view all the dimensions, click the thread description or use the BSPT Thread Calculator.

BSPT Rp (Internal Parallel) Dimensions Chart

  • Dimensions are in millimeters. To view metric values, click the Thread Description.
  • The below chart shows only the main dimensions. To view all the dimensions, click the thread description or use the BSPT Thread Calculator.

Tolerances and Inspection

The ISO 7-1 provides tolerances only for the following dimensions:

For tapered (Rc & Rc) threads:

  • Gauge length
  • Minimum thread length

For parallel Rp threads:

All the other dimensions are inspected by gauging. The tolerances for the gages are defined in ISO 7-2 and are outside the scope of this webpage.

BSPP (Per ISO 228) – Parallel Pipe Thread

BSPP stands for British Standard Pipe Parallel. It is the common name of a group of threads defined by ISO 228-1 & ISO 228-2 standards. The formal definition in ISO-228 is “Pipe threads where pressure-tight joints are not made on the threads”. In simple words, it means that the thread will not seal without the aid of an O-ring or sealant. (Opposed to BSPT, which was discussed above).

The basic profile is a 55° truncated and rounded triangle, identical to the BSPT Rp series thread. The only difference between the two is the tolerances on the Pitch, Major and Minor diameters. 

BSPP G threads can have one of 3 classes:

  • No class (For example, BSPP G 1/2): Indicates an internal thread.
  • Class A (For example, BSPP G 1/2 A): Indicates an external high-precision thread.
  • Class B (For instance, BSPP G 1/2 B): Indicates an external low-precision thread.
  • The tolerance field width of class B is twice that of class A

Except for the nominal pipe thread, which is listed in Inch fractions, all the dimensions are defined in millimeters. Therefore all our below charts are in millimeters. You can view the Inch translation of all the dimensions in the BSP Thread Calculator

BSPP (G) – Drawing and parameters

BSPP (G) Profile Drawing

BSPP - G - Thread Profile

Symbols

Symbol Name
P Pitch
α Thread V half Angle
H Height of Sharp V
h Thread Height
r Root/Crest Radius
d / D Major Diameter
d1 / D1 Minor Diameter
d2 / D2 Pitch Diameter

Formulas

\( \begin{array}{l} \text {d & TPI are obtained from the charts} \\ P= \frac{25.4}{TPI}\\ d_2=d\,-\,0.640327\times\,P\\ d_1=d\,-\,1.280654\times\,P\\ h=0.640327\times\,P\\ H=0.960491\times\,P\\ r=0.137329\times\,P\\ \end{array} \)

BSPP (G) – Basic Dimensions Chart

These dimensions are the same for External and internal threads and for all classes. Check the tolerance section below for diametrical tolerances per the thread class.

  • Dimensions are in millimeters. To view metric values, click the Thread Description.
  • The below chart shows only the main dimensions. To view all the dimensions, click the thread description or use the BSPT Thread Calculator.
Thread Pipe OD TPI Pitch Major Diameter Pitch Diameter Minor Diameter Tap Drill Size
BSPP G 1/16 1/16" 28 0.907 7.723 7.142 6.561 6.80
BSPP G 1/8 1/8" 28 0.907 9.728 9.147 8.566 8.80
BSPP G 1/4 1/4" 19 1.337 13.157 12.301 11.445 11.80
BSPP G 3/8 3/8" 19 1.337 16.662 15.806 14.950 15.30
BSPP G 1/2 1/2" 14 1.814 20.955 19.793 18.632 19.00
BSPP G 5/8 5/8" 14 1.814 22.911 21.749 20.588 21.00
BSPP G 3/4 3/4" 14 1.814 26.441 25.279 24.118 24.50
BSPP G 7/8 7/8" 14 1.814 30.201 29.039 27.878 28.50
BSPP G 1 1" 11 2.309 33.249 31.770 30.292 31.00
BSPP G 1 1/8 1 1/8" 11 2.309 37.897 36.418 34.940 35.30
BSPP G 1 1/4 1 1/4" 11 2.309 41.910 40.431 38.953 39.50
BSPP G 1 1/2 1 1/2" 11 2.309 47.803 46.324 44.846 45.50
BSPP G 1 3/4 1 3/4" 11 2.309 53.746 52.267 50.789 51.50
BSPP G 2 2" 11 2.309 59.614 58.135 56.657 57.50
BSPP G 2 1/4 2 1/4" 11 2.309 65.710 64.231 62.753 -999.00
BSPP G 2 1/2 2 1/2" 11 2.309 75.184 73.705 72.227 -999.00
BSPP G 2 3/4 2 3/4" 11 2.309 81.534 80.055 78.577 -999.00
BSPP G 3 3" 11 2.309 87.884 86.405 84.927 -999.00
BSPP G 3 1/2 3 1/2" 11 2.309 100.330 98.851 97.373 -999.00
BSPP G 4 4" 11 2.309 113.030 111.551 110.073 -999.00
BSPP G 4 1/2 4 1/2" 11 2.309 125.730 124.251 122.773 -999.00
BSPP G 5 5" 11 2.309 138.430 136.951 135.473 -999.00
BSPP G 5 1/2 5 1/2" 11 2.309 151.130 149.651 148.173 -999.00
BSPP G 6 6" 11 2.309 163.830 162.351 160.873 -999.00

BSPP (G) – Tolerances

ISO 228-1 provided only diametrical tolerancing. All the other thread parameters can be inspected only by gauging as detailed in ISO 228-2.

External Threads

Internal Threads

Enjoy Ads Free Browsing !

Are you tired of ads on our website? Become a premium user for Just 1.5 Dollars per Month and get rid of all the ads pop-ups.

Scroll to Top