Machining Steel 1050

Steel 1050 is a Carbon Steel material with 0.5% carbon content. Carbon steels range in carbon content between 0.08% to 1%. The machinability is very sensitive to the amount of carbon. Materials with little carbon content (below 0.15%) are too soft and gummy, and materials with a carbon content above 0.5% are harder and thus have lower machinability

Since Steel 1050, has 0.5%, it is relatively easy to machine with a good hardness/mildness balance and a machinability rating of 61%.

You can find here a list of machinability Ratings for different Carbon Steels.

Summery:

  • For general Turning of Steel 1050 at stable conditions use a grade with a Hard substrate and CVD coating.
  • In case you are running at a cutting speed that is lower than 490 SFM (150 m/min), it is better to use a grade with a
  • Hard substrate and PVD coating.
  • For general Milling use a grade with a Semi Hard substrate and Thin PVD coating.
  • For detailed carbide grades recommendations, check the Below Chart, or use the Grades Wizrad.
  • Recommended Cutting speed range for turning at stable conditions is 740 - 1020 [SFM] / 225 - 310 [m/min].
  • Recommended Cutting speed range for milling with stable clamping and short overhang is 460 - 620 [SFM] / 140 - 190 [m/min]
  • For detailed cutting speed recomendations, check the Below Table, or use our Speed and Feed Calculator.

  • Equivalent International Designations for Steel 1050

    StandardName
    sae1050
    wnr1.1213
    dinCf53
    bs060A52
    ss1674
    anforXC48TS
    uniC53
    js1S50C

    Chemical Composition for Steel 1050

    ElementAmount
    Manganese (Mn).60-.90%
    Carbon (C).48-.55%
    Sulfur (S)0.05%
    Phosphorus (P)0.04%

    Cutting Speeds Recomendations for Steel 1050

    * Click on the speeds below for higher precision in specific conditions!

    ApplicationVc (m/min)Vc (SFM)
    Turning225-310740-1020
    Milling140-190460-620
    Parting110-150360-490
    Grooving125-170410-560
    Drilling90-125300-410

    Important! The speed estimation is given for an ideal situation:

    • Most suitable carbide grade
    • Stable tool clamping
    • Stable workpiece clamping
    • Good quality raw material
    • A short overhang of the cutting tool.
    • Nominal hardness of the material.
    • etc.
    Click on the speeds in the above table to get better precision for specific parameters
    Or use our Speed and Feed Calculator



    Recommended Carbide Grades for Steel 1050

    * If you don't understand the below table? Read This Explanation to make the most out of it!

    Grade for Turning

    Grade for Parting Off

    Grade for Grooving

    Grade for Milling (Indexable)

    Recommended Insert Cutting Edge Geometry for Steel 1050

    Honing Siz0.05-0.08 mm / 0.002-0.003"
    Rake Angl11° -13°
    Land AnglPositive
    Land Widt0.20-0.30 mm / 0.008-0.012"

    Learn more about carbide inserts Cutting-Edge Geometry Parameters.

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